The Supreme Court has directed that a mobile app used by the Delhi Police for videography and photography of crime scenes be tested by experts in order to increase the utilisation of technology in crime investigation.

The apex court’s comment came while it was hearing a matter in which it had agreed to examine whether videography of any crime scene can be mandatorily done and how it can become admissible evidence in a court of law.

The SC said that all technological innovations for use in investigations must ensure that the capturing of the crime scene through photographs or videos, and uploading such media through the app is completely tamper-free and fully encrypted.

It must also be ensured that the capturing of pictures and videos and uploading the same through the app must be contemporaneous and, to the extent possible, must also come with GPS locations, the top court further said.

A bench headed by Justice U U Lalit said these parameters will ensure that the material collected and uploaded could be intrinsically trustworthy as evidence in a criminal trial.

“However, before we come to any firm conclusion, we would like the prototype implemented by the Delhi Police in 15 police stations of South Delhi District to be tested by experts. 

“If the mobile app so developed is found to be foolproof and reliable by the experts, their report will be of great assistance to the court before any directions are passed,” the bench also comprising Justice S Ravindra Bhat said.

The apex court directed that at least three high-ranking officials in Police, preferably from National Police Academy be associated as experts with such testing.

These experts are at liberty to engage the services of any cybercrime experts or those who are well versed in internet and virtual platforms, it said.

“They may also associate the services of Dr. Arun Mohan, Senior Advocate who has been assisting this court as amicus curiae. 

“After considering the mobile spp so developed and testing whether the photographs/videography captured and uploaded are completely tamper-free and could possibly be relied upon as evidence in a criminal trial, the experts may give their views by way of a report,” the bench in its November 18 order said.

The apex court had earlier framed the question for consideration that “whether the only mode of proof of electronic evidence is as per Section 65(A) read with Section 65(B) or whether the said provisions are additional permissible mode of proof of an electronic record.” 

Section 65(B) of the Indian Evidence Act says that electronic records need to be certified by a person occupying a responsible official position for being admissible as evidence in any court proceedings.

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